Increasing Shoulder Strength Links

Exercises For Kids
That May Improve Handwriting

Even children with poor coordination skills can benefit from the ideas found in this link. Children from kindergarten to Grade 2 will enjoy them. You can even try them with your preschool child. This article contains lots of photos to make it easy for you to see how to put them into practice!

 

Typical Development of Fine Motor Skills and Why They are Important for Handwriting

Problems with handwriting can stem from problems with seated posture and shoulder positioning. Think of your body for a moment as a robot whose job is to etch small marks into a specific area. If your robot arm is attached to a wobbly, unbalanced, or weak base, how can it be in just the right place and use just the right small movements to do its job?

 

Upper Body Strength and Stability

Effective arm movement and control is only possible when core (trunk) strength and stability are present. A stable core provides a solid base of support from which the arms and legs are free to move with precision and control.  Core muscles are those muscles that stabilize the shoulder girdle, spine and pelvis.

 

Analysis of Proximal and Distal Muscle Activity During Handwriting Tasks

This study describes upper-extremity proximal and distal muscle activity in typically developing children during a handwriting task and explores the relationship between muscle activity and speed and quality of writing.

 

Tips for Improving your Handwriting

Tips for improving your handwriting with explanations and illustrations.

 

Low Muscle Tone

Low tone is used to describe muscles that have less tension and feel floppy. A child with low muscle tone may need to exert more effort when doing an activity to activate their muscles. As a result they may have difficulty maintaining a good posture when sitting or standing and may get tired easily due to the extra effort she is required to use.

 

The Difficulties Experienced by Children that Lead to Diagnosis of Low Muscle Tone

What does Low Muscle Tone Mean? An illustrated explanation including exercises.

 

First Steps toward Printing and Writing

Before young children can begin to print and write they need to develop many other skills. These foundation skills also enable children to use keyboards, paint, play instruments and draw.

 

Fine Motor-Strength

Activities used to strengthen the small muscles of the hands involve materials and tools that provide resistance.

 

Why Does Writing Make Us Smarter?

A new study that compared the different brain processes used for writing by hand and typing has found that there are cognitive benefits to putting a pen to paper. These findings give support to the continued teaching of penmanship and handwriting in schools.

 

Hand Strengthening Activities for Children

There are many muscles that are responsible for the movements in the hand. Many children naturally develop adequate strength in all of these muscles to learn the fine motor skills needed to manipulate toys, dress themselves, and use a pencil and scissors. There are some children however, that do not acquire this strength as easily and need extra attention to gain that necessary strength. This link shares explanations and some activities designed to help children with weak hand muscles and poor fine motor skills.

 

Handwriting Skills

Many children begin to scribble on paper shortly after they are able to grasp a writing tool, and if not supervised, they will eventually write on any available surface. As children mature their scribbling evolves into the handwriting skills specific to their culture.

 

Improve Your Handwriting By Writing With Your Shoulders

You might think that the best penmanship would involve excellent finger control over the pen, but your fingers actually don’t help you write better — they can make your handwriting worse. This link explains the difference between writing with your fingers and using your shoulders, and why using your shoulders is better.

 

Basic Skills for Handwriting

Without skill in these five areas, a child is not ready to write. Click on this link to learn how to help a child improve these foundational skills

 

Fine Motor Development and Handwriting 

Children interact with their environment by moving and touching objects within it. Using fine motor skills to manipulate objects gives the child perceptual information necessary for the child to efficiently make sense of their environment. Fine motor skills involve the use of small muscles of the body that enable movement and functions such as handwriting, grasping small objects  and the like.

 

Handwriting Reference Manual

A complete illustrated primer for handwriting including posture, pencil grasp and shoulder stability.

 

Handwriting Difficulties in Primary School Children: A Search for Underlying Mechanisms

This study investigated the contribution of perceptual-motor dysfunction and cognitive planning problems to the quality or speed of handwriting in children with handwriting problems (HWP).

 

Handwriting Readiness: Locatives and Visuomotor Skills in the Kindergarten Year.

Handwriting is an integral part of every child's school experience. In order to provide the best program to children both with and without handwriting problems, elementary educators need to understand the factors underlying the skill of handwriting. This study investigated the relationship between the cognitive understanding of locatives (e.g., words used for spatial and temporal concepts such as "up" or "next to") and the graphomotor task of shape and letter copying in typically developing kindergarten children.

 

 

 

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